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MAGNOLIAS, named after the French botanist Pierre Magnol, are an ancient genus and it is thought that pollination was by beetles as the trees appeared before bees. Fossilised remains from the family are 95 million years old.
The main centre of distribution is eastern and southeastern Asia with a secondary centre in eastern North America, Central America, the West Indies and South America.
Large and specimen sized magnolias are almost all grafted plants, many are also very rare. Different Magnolia varieties grow at very different speeds and therefore the size of a large or a specimen plant and the exact pot size it is delivered in can vary markedly for plants of identical age.
Large plants are normally 2-3 year old grafts, they vary in size from less than 2 feet to 4 feet, potted in 3, 5 or 7.5 litre pots.
Specimen plants are normally 3-5 year old grafts, and are between 4 feet and 8 feet in height potted in 10, 15 or 20 litre pots.
Magnolias do grow very quickly in a single season but do please ring to check the exact size of your chosen variety if you so wish. If we are unable to offer a large sized plant we may well also have smaller plants at a lower price.
Good to know - introduced into the west in 1977.
Pests & Diseases - scale insects, honey fungus, coral spot.
Place of Origin - central China through to eastern Sichuan.
Hardy - cold winter - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F)
Height - 10m (30ft)
Spread - 6m (20ft)
Deciduous - oblong to elliptic leaves 10-18cm (4-7in) long by 4-7cm (1½-2½in) wide.
Tall Shrub - flowers to 5cm (2in) long and open to 10cm (4in) wide. Fruit is cylindrical to 12.5cm (5in) long and ripens to bright red.
Full Sun - shelter from strong winds.
Scented flowers - light, lemon fragrance.
Fertile moist well-drained soil - humus-rich.
Neutral to acid soil
Flower Colour - Shades of pink - All shades of pink through to Carmine (red) - white flushed pink, darker pink/purple at base.
Flower Shape - Cup-shaped
- Cultivation of Magnolias
- Pruning Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning shoots on grafted rootstock - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Soil Conditions
- Planting Locations
- Planting a magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pests and Diseases
- Magnolia Slug Protection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Further Reading
- Allergic reactions and pollen
- Plants which produce masses of pollen - to avoid
- Plants producing little pollen - relatively safe!