Elaeagnus - Growing Guide

Growing Elaeagnus

Most species and varieties of Eleagnus are extremely tough, large growing, evergreen shrubs but other species which we offer are larger growing shrubs and small trees.

Eleagnus are grown because of their colourful silvery and multi variegated leaves. More importantly the evergreen x ebbingei and pungens varieties make very effective windbreaks and hedges. The spikes and spines in some varieties are an effective deterrent to intruders alongside their dense and spreading habit. You frequently see them used for this purpose on the edge of parks and in supermarket car parks. In coastal areas they tolerate extreme exposure to wind and salt spray and, in maturity, E. x ebbingei and E. pungens varieties will grow to around 10-12ft with a broadly similar spread.

While these are primarily foliage plants they do have attractive tubular or bell shaped flowers produced in clusters on the leaf axils. These can be extremely fragrant and some species then go on to produce colourful berries. Eleagnus will tolerate very dry soil conditions and can readily be hard pruned to keep them into shape along a path or walkway. Variegated leaved varieties often have branches which revert to plain green but these can readily be cut out to improve the overall effect or simply left to give a contrast. While easily grown from seed most evergreen varieties will readily layer and root themselves at the edges of a clump so that these can be dug and moved. Deciduous species produce numerous root suckers which can also be dug and moved elsewhere.


Evergreen varieties with colourful leaves

E. x ebbingei itself has dark sea-green leaves with silvery scales underneath. The flowers appear in the autumn and are creamy white.

Eleagnus  x ebbingeiclick for larger image
Eleagnus x ebbingei
Eleagnus x ebbingei  click for larger image
Eleagnus x ebbingei
Eleagnus x ebbingei click for larger image
Eleagnus x ebbingei
Eleagnus x ebbingei click for larger image
Eleagnus x ebbingei

E. x ebbingei ‘Coastal Gold’ has bright gold splashed leaves.

E. x ebbingei 'Coastal Gold' click for larger image
E. x ebbingei 'Coastal Gold'

E. x ebbingei ‘Gilt Edge’ has leaves with dark green centres and conspicuous yellow edges.

E. x ebbingei 'Gilt Edge'  click for larger image
E. x ebbingei 'Gilt Edge'
E. x ebbingei 'Gilt Edge'  click for larger image
E. x ebbingei 'Gilt Edge'

E. x ebbingei ‘Limelight’ has silvery young leaves which become marked with yellow and pale green in the centres.

E. x ebbingei 'Limelight'  click for larger image
E. x ebbingei 'Limelight'
E. x ebbingei 'Limelight'  click for larger image
E. x ebbingei 'Limelight'
E. x ebbingei 'Limelight'  click for larger image
E. x ebbingei 'Limelight'
Eleagnus 'Limelight' & Lonicera nitida  click for larger image
Eleagnus 'Limelight' & Lonicera nitida

E. pungens ‘Maculata’ (‘Aureovariegata’) has leaves with dark yellow centres.

E.pungens 'Maculata'  click for larger image
E.pungens 'Maculata'
E.pungens 'Maculata'  click for larger image
E.pungens 'Maculata'
E. pugens 'Maculata' & Euonymous 'Emerald Gaiety'  click for larger image
E. pugens 'Maculata' & Euonymous 'Emerald Gaiety'

E. pungens ‘Frederici’ is slower growing with narrow creamy yellow leaves with dark green margins.

E.pungens 'Frederici' click for larger image
E.pungens 'Frederici'
Eleagnus x reflexa click for larger image
Eleagnus x reflexa

Deciduous varieties

Eleagnus angustifolia click for larger image
Eleagnus angustifolia
Eleagnus angustifolia click for larger image
Eleagnus angustifolia

E. angustifolia, Oleaster, is a large spiny shrub with silvery-grey willow leaves and yellowish-white flowers in June.

E. angustifolia ‘Quicksilver’ has silvery shoots and tapering silvery leaves. A suckering shrub.

E. commutata, Silverberry, is a thicket forming species with silver scaly leaves and pendant white flowers.

Eleagnus commutata click for larger image
Eleagnus commutata
Eleagnus commutata click for larger image
Eleagnus commutata

E. umbellata has silvery young leaves maturing to bright green. It has naturalised locally into our Cornish hedgerows. The flowers are yellow-white and the silvery fruits turn red in autumn.

Eleagnus umbellata click for larger image
Eleagnus umbellata
Eleagnus umbellata click for larger image
Eleagnus umbellata
Eleagnus umbellata click for larger image
Eleagnus umbellata
Eleagnus umbellata click for larger image
Eleagnus umbellata

Plants


Visit the Caerhays Castle website
Order the 2022 Burncoose Catalogue
Payment methods accepted
watch us on you tube
Visit Burncoose House - Holiday Accommodation
Burncoose Nurseries: Gwennap, Redruth, Cornwall TR16 6BJ
Telephone: +44 (0) 1209 860316 Email: info@burncoose.co.uk
© Burncoose Nurseries 1997 - 2022      Website by Forgecom
All plant pictures are copyright © Burncoose Nurseries unless otherwise stated.
No rights are given to download any of our pictures and use them (for personal or professional use) without our consent.