CISTUS ladanifer

Commonly known as Common gum cistus, Labdanum

White flowers with a dark red basal stain
Further Reading....

CISTUS ladanifer

 
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  • Evergreen
    Sticky, lance-shaped, aromatic, dark-green leaves to 10cm (4in) long.
  • Red
    With red stain at base
  • White
  • Height
    2m (6½ft)
  • Spread
    1.5m (5ft)
  • Medium shrub Typically grow to around 4-6 feet in height
    Upright habit. Flowers are produced singly at the tips of sideshoots
  • Hardy - average winter Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F)
  • Full sun
    Sheltered site.
  • Additional Features
    Good to know - an oleo-resin obtained from the leaves is used as a flavouring. Also used in the perfume industry where it is used as an acceptable substitute for ambergris.
  • Medicinal properties
    Labdanum is an expectorant used for the treatment of catarrh and has antibiotic effects.
  • Pests & Diseases
    none.
  • Place of origin
    southwestern Europe to northern Africa.
  • Flower Shape
    Cup-shaped - to 10cm (4in) across
  • Garden Location/Conditions
    Coastal / windswept - slightly back from the sea with more shelter
  • Hardiness
    Frost hardy (down to -5)
  • Leaf shape
    Lanceolate see photos above
  • Linear
  • Pruning group
    Pruning group 5
    Suitable for: Evergreen shrubs that require minimal pruning.
    Action: Trim or lightly cut back shoots that spoil symmetry. Deadhead regularly.
    When: Annually after flowering.

    RHS group 8
  • Pruning group 6 - Suitable for: Evergreen shrubs or climbers that need little to no pruning.
    Action: Trim back shoots that spoil symmetry and to fit available space.
    When: Annually after flowering if on previous year's growth, or in later Winter or Spring if flowering on current year's growth, or as requires.

    RHS group 9 & 11
  • Scented Plants
    Scented foliage - leaves exude a sweet, balsamic smell most evident in early morning in summer.
  • Seasonal Interest
    Summer
  • Soil Conditions
    Well drained, dry, poor to moderately fertile soil - generally lime tolerant, but can become chlorotic on chalky soils.
  • Wildlife
    Butterfly friendly
  • Rabbit Resistant
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
2m (6½ft)
Medium Shrub - guide for size not form Average Person
  1.5m (5ft)
 

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