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Commonly known as Cob nut, Common hazel
Broadly heart-shaped, toothed, mid-green leaves to 10cm (4in) long.
Tree-like shrub. Pendent yellow catkins 4-6cm (1½ - 2½in) long appear in late winter and early spring. Edible nuts in autumn.
Hardy - very cold winter Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe. Plant can possibly withstand temperatures down to -20°C (-4°F)
Good to know - the native hazel. 'Lamb's tails' are the long, male catkins. Pliant hazel rods have been used by man since prehistoric times. Makes very good artist's charcoal. Wildlife plant. Food for more than 70 species of insect. Bird plant.
Pests & Diseases
caterpillars, mites, sawflies, aphids.
Place of origin
Serrate see photos above
Pruning group 1
Suitable for: Deciduous and evergreen trees, and some deciduous shrubs.
Pruning: Minimal pruning required. Prune wayward or crossing branches to maintain a healthy framework.
When: When dormant in the late winter/early spring. Some in the summer/autumn to prevent bleeding of sap.
RHS group 1
Pruning group 4 - Suitable for: Deciduous trees and shrubs that flower on current year's growth or are grown for winter stem effect.
Pruning: Hard prune to a low permanent framework.
When: Annually in early Spring.
RHS group 5, 6 & 7
Fertile well drained soil - does well in chalky soils.
Buy Varieties of CORYLUS avellana
Bright golden leaves
Catkin flowers, contorted stems
Rare and unusual new form of the contorted hazel with stunning bright red leaves
Large fruiting form ripening in sept-oct