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Commonly known as Cob nut, Common hazel
DeciduousBroadly heart-shaped, toothed, mid-green leaves to 10cm (4in) long.
Tall ShrubTree-like shrub. Pendent yellow catkins 4-6cm (1½ - 2½in) long appear in late winter and early spring. Edible nuts in autumn.
Hardy - very cold winterHardy in all of UK and northern Europe. Plant can possibly withstand temperatures down to -20°C (-4°F)
Additional FeaturesGood to knowThe native hazel. 'Lamb's tails' are the long, male catkins. Pliant hazel rods have been used by man since prehistoric times. Makes very good artist's charcoal. Wildlife plant. Food for more than 70 species of insect. Bird plant.Pests & DiseasesCaterpillars, mites, sawflies, aphids.Place of originEurope, Turkey.
(see photos above)
Pruning groupPruning group 1Suitable for: Deciduous and evergreen trees, and some deciduous shrubs.
Pruning: Minimal pruning required. Prune wayward or crossing branches to maintain a healthy framework.
When: When dormant in the late winter/early spring. Some in the summer/autumn to prevent bleeding of sap.
RHS group 1Pruning group 4Suitable for: Deciduous trees and shrubs that flower on current year's growth or are grown for winter stem effect.
Pruning: Hard prune to a low permanent framework.
When: Annually in early Spring.
RHS group 5, 6 & 7
Soil ConditionsFertile well drained soilDoes well in chalky soils.
Buy Varieties of CORYLUS avellana
bright golden leaves
catkin flowers, contorted stems
rare and unusual new form of the contorted hazel with stunning bright red leaves
large fruiting form ripening in SEPT-OCT