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Commonly known as Japanese loquat, Loquat
Unusual in that flowers form in autumn and the fruit ripens from spring to summer if conditions are warm enough - rarely in the UK, yet.
Genus of about 30 species of evergreen shrubs and trees from woodland in the Himalayas and eastern Asia.
Originally from China, the loquat is so easily grown in sub-tropical and mild-temperate climates that it has become naturalised widely.
Over 800 cultivars exist in Asia. Spain is the European producer.
An Italian liqueur, nespolino, reminiscent of amaretto, is made from the seeds, the cyanogenic glycosides providing flavour without the risk of harm.
- Mature Size
- Tips and Advice
- Goes Well With
- Planting Combinations
- Other Suggestions
- See Also...
Evergreen - inversely lance-shaped, sharp-pointed, strongly-veined, dark green leaves to 30cm (12in) long.
Height - 7-8m (22-26ft)
Spread - 7-8m (22-26ft)
Tree - vigorous, spreading shrub or small tree. Flowers are produced from autumn to winter, possibly followed by fruit in spring.
Hardy - average winter - Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F)
Full sun - sheltered position.
Additional Features - Medicinal properties - - leaves are widely used in the Far East in cough remedies. The commercial loquat.
Pests & Diseases - under glass mealybugs and leaf blight.
Place of origin - China, Japan.
Resistant to honey fungus - These plants have little or few problems with honey fungus.
Flower Shape - Panicles - - small, 5-petalled flowers in pyramidal panicles
Garden Location/Conditions - Patio / pot plants -
Hardiness - Fully hardy -
Leaf margin - Entire - see photos above
Leaf shape - Oblanceolate - see photos above
Pruning group - Pruning group 1
Suitable for: Deciduous and evergreen trees, and some deciduous shrubs.
Pruning: Minimal pruning required. Prune wayward or crossing branches to maintain a healthy framework.
When: When dormant in the late winter/early spring. Some in the summer/autumn to prevent bleeding of sap.
RHS group 1
Scented Plants - Scented flowers -
Soil Conditions - Fertile well drained soil -
Tree Shape - Rounded to broadly spreading -
- How to plant a tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
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- Restaking fallen young trees - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Fallen old tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Clearing up fallen beech tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Spring pruning - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing side shoots - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning and Shaping Magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Deer protection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Weed Spraying - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing Ivy - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing wire protection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Tree Survey - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Crown uplift - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing shoots below graft - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing peeling bark - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Maintaining variegation - Video Tip ondemand_video