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Commonly known as Japanese spindle
Genus of about 130 species of deciduous, semi-evergreen and evergreen shrubs, trees and climbers found mainly in woodland and thickets mainly in Asia.
Our UK native, E. europaeus, known for its red seed capsules and orange seeds, is found mainly on chalk so absent in Scotland. The very hard wood was used for making skewers and spindles, hence the common name.
EvergreenLeaves often revert to all-green or all-yellow. Obovate to narrowly oval leaves to 6cm (2½in) long.
HedgeIdeal for hedging
Medium shrubTypically grow to around 4-6 feet in heightDense, bushy shrub.
Hardy - cold winterHardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F)
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Additional FeaturesGood to knowGood in coastal sites and for hedgingPests & DiseasesCaterpillars, vine weevil, scale insects, powdery mildew, leaf spot.Place of originChina, Japan, Korea.
Garden Location/ConditionsCoastal / windswept
Leaf Colour (if not green)Gold variegated
(see photos above)
(see photos above)
Pruning groupPruning group 5Suitable for: Evergreen shrubs that require minimal pruning.
Action: Trim or lightly cut back shoots that spoil symmetry. Deadhead regularly.
When: Annually after flowering.
RHS group 8
Soil ConditionsFertile well drained soil
Toxic - Category CHarmful if eaten(People & Pets)
Buy Varieties of EUONYMUS
spindle berry with good autumn colour and fruits
glossy, lanceolate green leaves
bright red seed capsules and good autumn colour
broad golden variegated leaves
foliage variegated white green and pink
foliage variegated gold & green
colourful irregularly variegated leaves with marbled lime-green, yellow and pale green
compact grower with silver variegated foliage and pure white young shoots
variegated green & white foliage
excellent ground covering form with dark green leaves splashed bright gold
vigorous climbing variety which will take on and look superb on any large tree even in full shade. Narrow dark geen leaves with attractive white veining
long thick toothed leaves and large yellowish flowers. Pink seed capsules in the autumn
spreading habit and pink fruits with orange or red coated seeds. Yellow leaves in autumn
long-lasting red autumn colour. Dark pink fruit
pink-red autumn foliage and seed capsules
forms an excellent evergreen hedge especially in exposed conditions
variegated shades of green and gold
green leaves splashed & marginated white
cream flowers followed by large, dark red, winged fruits
('Microphyllus Variegatus') - compact, silver foliage
('Microphyllus Aureus') - compact with gold foliage
upright shrub. Orange-yellow fruit
small green/yellow flowers in spring followed by brilliant pink fruits in autumn. Fruits split to reveal bright orange seeds. Corky winged stems and excellent autumn colour. Deciduous large shrub
a handsome species with scarlet fruits and brilliant autumn foliage
narrow leaves and purple-red flowers