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Commonly known as Canary Island holly, Madeira holly
Another member of the Christmas trinity with Ivy and Fir.
Another essential for the garden, either as a specimen, a backdrop to other plantings or even in a container for a few sprigs for a seasonal arrangement.
Gaudy golds, less showy silvers and subtle dark greens and berries in red, black, occasionally white, orange or yellow.
Genus of over 400 species of evergreen and deciduous trees, shrubs and, rarely, climbers, from woodland in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions.
The native, I. aquifolium is a small tree of mysticism and magic, a protector of the house from evil and lightning and provider of timber for the finest woodwork.
EvergreenLeathery leaves 6-10cm (2½-4in) long.
Height6 - 10m (20-30ft)
Tall ShrubOr small tree
- Mature Size
- Tips and Advice
- Goes Well With
- Planting Combinations
- Other Suggestions
- See Also...
Additional FeaturesPests & DiseasesScale insects, leaf miners.Place of originCanary Islands, Azores.
Garden Location/ConditionsWoodland garden
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soil
Tree ShapeBroadly columnar
6 - 10m (20-30ft)
Buy Varieties of ILEX
female, gold edged leaf
female, silver variegated
male clone with dark green spiny leaves
female. Yellow berries
male, creamy-white leaf margins on convoluted and puckered leaves with large spines
female. Pyramidal habit, yellow edged foliage and orange berries
female. Dark but almost spineless green leaves and red fruits
self-fertile, narrowly conical, upright, female form
male. Cream-edged leaf
small leaves, bronze at first. Turning yellow in summer. Red berries in autumn
compact shrub with attractive yellowish leaves in winter and spring
upright small shrub with very spiny young foliage
purple new growth and thick leathery green leaves edged with spiny teeth. Red fruits
male form with foliage so dark it appears blue in winter
female. Free- berrying form of the above
female. Dense upright branching habit with smallish green leaves. Although a rare species it makes a good windbreak
female. Undulating and deeply spined leaves, orange-red berries
deciduous shrub with good yellow autumn colour and bright red fruits. Plants supplied not sexed..