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MAGNOLIAS, named after the French botanist Pierre Magnol, are an ancient genus and it is thought that pollination was by beetles as the trees appeared before bees. Fossilised remains from the family are 95 million years old.
The main centre of distribution is eastern and southeastern Asia with a secondary centre in eastern North America, Central America, the West Indies and South America.
LARGE and SPECIMEN sized magnolias are almost all grafted plants. Many are also very rare.
LARGE plants are 2-3 year old grafts and SPECIMEN plants 3-5 year old grafts.
Different Magnolia varieties grow at very different speeds and therefore the size of a LARGE or a SPECIMEN plant and the exact pot size it is delivered in can vary markedly for plants of identical age and also on time of year, since Magnolias can grow very quickly.
Many more magnolia pictures can be found on the Caerhays Website and The Garden Diary.
- Magnolia - A guide to sizing and pricing
- Magnolia - Care Guide
- Magnolia - Hybridisation
- Magnolia - Propagation
- Magnolia - Spotlight Videos
- Planting to avoid allergic reactions and asthma
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 1) Collecting Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 2) Storing Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 3) Planting Seeds
YellowTo 7.5cm (3in) across
Half hardy - unheated greenhouse / mild winterHardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)
Partial shadePrefers dappled shade. Shelter from strong winds.
Additional FeaturesEndangered in the wildThese plants are listed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's list of 'Red Plants'. This is a list of threatened species in the wild, they are either critically, endangered or vulnerable to extinction.VulnerablePests & DiseasesScale insects, honey fungus, coral spot.Place of originYunnan Province, China. Burma. Southeast Tibet
HardinessFrost hardy (down to -5)
Scented PlantsScented flowersHighly scented.
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilHumus-richNeutral to acid soil
Tree ShapeRounded to broadly spreading
- Cultivation of Magnolias
- Pruning Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning shoots on grafted rootstock - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning small & large shoots below the graft - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning & Shaping Magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Soil Conditions
- Planting Locations
- Planting a magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Scraping deadwood to see if alive - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pests and Diseases
- Magnolia Slug Protection - Short Video Tip ondemand_video
- Slug Protection - Longer Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing Ivy - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Scale Insect on Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Further Reading
- Planting Magnolia from Seeds
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia Seedlings - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Best yellow magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Caerhays Belle'
- M. campbellii in late January - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia campbellii 'Alba' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. campbellii alba 'Strybing White' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia globosa - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia insignis - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Lanarth' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Lois', 'Peachy' & 'Limelight'
- Magnolia 'Peachy' and 'Daybreak' Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Pink Flush' in June - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Tikitere' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Star Wars', doltsopa & veitchii - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. sieboldii, sieboldii sinensis, x wieseneri, 'Summer Solstice' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Altas', 'Raspberry Fun', 'Sunrise' & x veitchii - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Tropicana' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Todd's Forty Niner' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Todd's Forty Niner' Late January - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Various Magnolias in early March - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Michelia foveolata - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Michelia macclurei - Video Tip ondemand_video
- 5 Michelias in April - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Woodsman' x 'Patriot' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Unnamed hybrids - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Allergic reactions and pollen
- Plants which produce masses of pollen - to avoid
- Plants producing little pollen - relatively safe!
- When is the right time to collect seeds?
- When are seeds actually ripe and ready for collection?
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Cornus capitata seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Lithocarpus Seed Collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Camellia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Rhododendron seed collecting - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Storing seeds over winter
- Embothrium Collecting and Storing Seeds
- Decaisnea Seed Collection & Potting
Buy Varieties of MAGNOLIA
pink tulip flowers just before the leaves
rosy purple flowers early in the season
this is the best new magnolia introduction from the point of view of colour to be seen in the UK for many years. Bred by Vance Hooper in New Zealand this soulangeana hybrid flowers very young and appears not to grow too big. The flowers are even darker than M.'Black Tulip' in bud and open an exquisite dark burgundy-red which they retain until they drop
deep gold coloured cup-shaped flowers. Another good new yellow hybrid.
a vigorous stellata hybrid which has attractive soft yellow buds and stellata-shaped flowers which fade to creamy-white. Very hardy
large dark yellow flowers
Very light yellow flowers. Blooms at an early age and earlier in the season than many other yellow forms
very hardy variety. Columnar in habit. Dark green shiny leaves and rust coloured indumentum. White fragrant flowers
large fragrant creamy yellow flowers late summer and autumn
rich rusty red indumentum on the underside of the leaves and an upright habit
compact habit. Deep green rounded leaves with cinnamon-brown indumentum. Creamy white fragrant flowers
leaves reddish brown underneath, very hardy. Very large creamy white flowers
short, broad leaves and large globular flowers at an early age
an increasingly popular variety with large flowers and rippled foliage that emerges pink
narrow columnar habit and small white flowers. Leaves heavily felted rust.
one of Philippe de Spoelberch's wonderful new introductions. Coloured as its name implies
rose-red campbellii-type. Similar to Lanarth
Gresham hybrid with goblet-shaped flowers pink outside and white inside. Strongly lavender scented
a golden-honey version of M. 'Black Tulip' which flowers before the leaves appear. A brand new New Zealand hybrid which will be very popular
narrow deep yellow flowers each with a pink flush at the base. Grows to only about 8 metres
rich claret coloured blooms. This will become a very popular variety especially as it grows to only about 5 metres
Jury hybrid with large cup-shaped rose-pink flowers which are white inside
a Caerhays hybrid between sprengeri 'Diva' and sargentiana robusta with a most striking and unusual deep red colour which appears on opening almost black from a distance. Flowers at a very young age and is an absolute must for any enthusiast
Upright red-purple buds. The flowers are red-purple outside and white inside.
M. soulangeana 'Rustica Rubra' crossed with M. xveitchii with deep purple flowers
a hybrid between M. 'David Clulow' and M. sprengeri elongata. Interesting white flowers with rose stamens
a startling new introduction with medium yellow flowers shading to pinkish-orange at the base and a strong fragrance
small flowered, pure white
light pink flowers rather than white