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MAGNOLIAS, named after the French botanist Pierre Magnol, are an ancient genus and it is thought that pollination was by beetles as the trees appeared before bees. Fossilised remains from the family are 95 million years old.
The main centre of distribution is eastern and southeastern Asia with a secondary centre in eastern North America, Central America, the West Indies and South America.
LARGE and SPECIMEN sized magnolias are almost all grafted plants. Many are also very rare.
LARGE plants are 2-3 year old grafts and SPECIMEN plants 3-5 year old grafts.
Different Magnolia varieties grow at very different speeds and therefore the size of a LARGE or a SPECIMEN plant and the exact pot size it is delivered in can vary markedly for plants of identical age and also on time of year, since Magnolias can grow very quickly.
Many more magnolia pictures can be found on the Caerhays Website and The Garden Diary.
- Magnolia - A guide to sizing and pricing
- Magnolia - Care Guide
- Magnolia - Hybridisation
- Magnolia - Propagation
- Magnolia - Spotlight Videos
- Planting to avoid allergic reactions and asthma
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 1) Collecting Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 2) Storing Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 3) Planting Seeds
YellowTo 7.5cm (3in) across
Half hardy - unheated greenhouse / mild winterHardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)
Partial shadePrefers dappled shade. Shelter from strong winds.
Additional FeaturesEndangered in the wildThese plants are listed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's list of 'Red Plants'. This is a list of threatened species in the wild, they are either critically, endangered or vulnerable to extinction.VulnerablePests & DiseasesScale insects, honey fungus, coral spot.Place of originYunnan Province, China. Burma. Southeast Tibet
HardinessFrost hardy (down to -5)
Scented PlantsScented flowersHighly scented.
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilHumus-richNeutral to acid soil
Tree ShapeRounded to broadly spreading
- Cultivation of Magnolias
- Pruning Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning shoots on grafted rootstock - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning small & large shoots below the graft - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning & Shaping Magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Soil Conditions
- Planting Locations
- Planting a magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Scraping deadwood to see if alive - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pests and Diseases
- Magnolia Slug Protection - Short Video Tip ondemand_video
- Slug Protection - Longer Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing Ivy - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Scale Insect on Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Further Reading
- Planting Magnolia from Seeds
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia Seedlings - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Best yellow magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Caerhays Belle'
- M. campbellii in late January - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia campbellii 'Alba' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. campbellii alba 'Strybing White' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia globosa - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia insignis - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Lanarth' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Lois', 'Peachy' & 'Limelight'
- Magnolia 'Peachy' and 'Daybreak' Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Pink Flush' in June - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Tikitere' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Star Wars', doltsopa & veitchii - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. sieboldii, sieboldii sinensis, x wieseneri, 'Summer Solstice' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Altas', 'Raspberry Fun', 'Sunrise' & x veitchii - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Tropicana' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Todd's Forty Niner' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Todd's Forty Niner' Late January - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Various Magnolias in early March - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Michelia foveolata - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Michelia macclurei - Video Tip ondemand_video
- 5 Michelias in April - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Woodsman' x 'Patriot' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Unnamed hybrids - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Allergic reactions and pollen
- Plants which produce masses of pollen - to avoid
- Plants producing little pollen - relatively safe!
- When is the right time to collect seeds?
- When are seeds actually ripe and ready for collection?
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Cornus capitata seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Lithocarpus Seed Collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Camellia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Rhododendron seed collecting - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Storing seeds over winter
- Embothrium Collecting and Storing Seeds
- Decaisnea Seed Collection & Potting
Buy Varieties of MAGNOLIA
large pure white cup and saucer flower. Free flowering
(syn. Swedish Star) - a quite outstanding new magnolia which flowers from a very young age. The flowers emerge as greenish-yellow opening flat to a pure yellow before fading to cream. This will emerge as one of the most popular yellow magnolias in the next few years
purple-pink tulip-shaped blooms fairly late in the season
soft pink star-like flowers
a seedling from Ballerina with lovely small flowers. The outer tepals are shorter than the inner ones
large white fragrant flowers
a tough x loebneri hybrid which is suitable for the smaller garden. A profusion of reddish-pink flowers
a stellata shape but with up to 52 tepals giving a 'Chrysanthemum' effect. Soft pink buds open to white. Grows to 5-8m
Clear primrose flowers without a tendency to fade. Just as good in Burncoose Gardens as M. 'Daphne'
the largest leafed magnolia of all with greyish leaves, glaucous underneath and fragrant white flowers
a miniature form of M.macrophylla with smaller leaves which will flower at a very young age
creamy-white flowers with a small pink smudge at the base
as its name implies this magnolia continues to produce flowers irregularly right through the season. The first flowers are usually pale pink but the later ones are usually darker
rose-red campbellii-type bowl-shaped blooms which appear freely at a young age. An exceptionally clear colour
an acuminata x loebneri hybrid with bright yellow flowers usually before the leaf emerges. Flowers at a very young age
small-growing with goblet-shaped red flowers
(hypoleuca) - large obovate leaves and fragrant creamy-white flowers in May and June
huge ovate leaves and saucer-shaped fragrant white flowers on this rarer species
very rare form with flowers flushed green and pink or red on the outside and white inside
our vote as the best new magnolia to flower in 2011. Wine-purple petals on the outside, white inside. Grows to about 12 feet in New Zealand
bright yellow flowers. Another of Phillipe de Spoelberch's excellent hybrids
pale yellow upright flowers, mostly before the leaves
a cross between M. 'Yellow Bird' and M. 'Star Wars'. Cream coloured flowers with a bright purple base
an unusual but striking hybrid between M. acuminata and M. sprengeri 'Diva'. Tepals are orange-red outside and creamy-white inside
A hybrid between M. cylindrica and M. denudata. White flowers with reflexed margins flushed with purple at the base.