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MAGNOLIAS, named after the French botanist Pierre Magnol, are an ancient genus and it is thought that pollination was by beetles as the trees appeared before bees. Fossilised remains from the family are 95 million years old.
The main centre of distribution is eastern and southeastern Asia with a secondary centre in eastern North America, Central America, the West Indies and South America.
LARGE and SPECIMEN sized magnolias are almost all grafted plants. Many are also very rare.
LARGE plants are 2-3 year old grafts and SPECIMEN plants 3-5 year old grafts.
Different Magnolia varieties grow at very different speeds and therefore the size of a LARGE or a SPECIMEN plant and the exact pot size it is delivered in can vary markedly for plants of identical age and also on time of year, since Magnolias can grow very quickly.
Many more magnolia pictures can be found on the Caerhays Website and The Garden Diary.
- Magnolia - A guide to sizing and pricing
- Magnolia - Care Guide
- Magnolia - Hybridisation
- Magnolia - Propagation
- Magnolia - Spotlight Videos
- Planting to avoid allergic reactions and asthma
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 1) Collecting Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 2) Storing Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 3) Planting Seeds
YellowTo 7.5cm (3in) across
Half hardy - unheated greenhouse / mild winterHardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)
Partial shadePrefers dappled shade. Shelter from strong winds.
Additional FeaturesEndangered in the wildThese plants are listed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's list of 'Red Plants'. This is a list of threatened species in the wild, they are either critically, endangered or vulnerable to extinction.VulnerablePests & DiseasesScale insects, honey fungus, coral spot.Place of originYunnan Province, China. Burma. Southeast Tibet
HardinessFrost hardy (down to -5)
Scented PlantsScented flowersHighly scented.
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilHumus-richNeutral to acid soil
Tree ShapeRounded to broadly spreading
- Cultivation of Magnolias
- Pruning Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning shoots on grafted rootstock - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning small & large shoots below the graft - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning & Shaping Magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Soil Conditions
- Planting Locations
- Planting a magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Scraping deadwood to see if alive - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pests and Diseases
- Magnolia Slug Protection - Short Video Tip ondemand_video
- Slug Protection - Longer Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing Ivy - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Scale Insect on Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Further Reading
- Planting Magnolia from Seeds
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia Seedlings - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Best yellow magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Caerhays Belle'
- M. campbellii in late January - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia campbellii 'Alba' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. campbellii alba 'Strybing White' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia globosa - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia insignis - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Lanarth' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Lois', 'Peachy' & 'Limelight'
- Magnolia 'Peachy' and 'Daybreak' Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Pink Flush' in June - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Tikitere' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Star Wars', doltsopa & veitchii - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. sieboldii, sieboldii sinensis, x wieseneri, 'Summer Solstice' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Altas', 'Raspberry Fun', 'Sunrise' & x veitchii - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Tropicana' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Todd's Forty Niner' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Todd's Forty Niner' Late January - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Various Magnolias in early March - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Michelia foveolata - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Michelia macclurei - Video Tip ondemand_video
- 5 Michelias in April - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Woodsman' x 'Patriot' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Unnamed hybrids - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Allergic reactions and pollen
- Plants which produce masses of pollen - to avoid
- Plants producing little pollen - relatively safe!
- When is the right time to collect seeds?
- When are seeds actually ripe and ready for collection?
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Cornus capitata seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Lithocarpus Seed Collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Camellia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Rhododendron seed collecting - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Storing seeds over winter
- Embothrium Collecting and Storing Seeds
- Decaisnea Seed Collection & Potting
Buy Varieties of MAGNOLIA
exceptionally large fragrant red-pink flowers in April and May. Petals are red-pink outside and white inside
grafts from the original plant at Caerhays which is now dead. Flowers are rosy-pink outside and pale pink inside, and have a distinct erect habit. 'Diva' is italian for 'goddess'
a deep glowing rose-purple form raised at Burncoose by the late head gardener, Mr Arnold Dance
Rich pink cup shaped flowers on a small tree. The inside of the flowers are almost white. This was a seedling of M. sprengeri 'Diva' at the Savill Gardens.
with us this flowers much later in the season than other sprengeri forms. It also has deeper pink flowers than other forms but clearly a sprengeri shape
very fragrant, large pure white flowers with a hint of pink at the base. Fast growing
free-flowering form with star-shaped bright pink flowers. One of the most popular of the new crop of New Zealand hybrids which grows quickly and flowers at a young age
flowers are greenish in bud opening a deepish yellow but still with some green. When we first saw this new variety in flower it was not impressive but, now that the plant is 8-10 feet tall and full of flower it is certainly quite a show if only because it flowers so late in the season
white star-shaped flowers. All flower FEB-APR
profuse deep pink flowers fading after opening
dense shrubby form with small purplish flowers
pale pink buds unfurling to white
improved pure white
large flowers with more numerous petals than other varieties
an American bred hybrid with upright dark yellow flowers.
golden-yellow flowers with a pink stripe
red-purple in bud opening paler
flowers are similar to 'Caerhays Belle' in shape but with a darker rose-pink hue
fragrant mid-pink flowers which have a narrow upright habit
claret-red flowers which are globe-shaped with paler insides
flowers are rose coloured outside and nearly white inside
rose-purple tulip-shaped flowers. An impressive new New Zealand hybrid
white flowers, resembling grandiflora
goblet shaped purple flowers
(tripetala x virginiana) - large fragrant parchment coloured flowers throught the summer even in young plants
huge bowl-shaped flowers which are pink outside and white inside
large white flowers with a slight pink edge at the base of the tepals
hardy tree with large leaves and pungent creamy flowers
unusual green-yellow and pink