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Commonly known as Common lime, European linden
Genus of 23 species of deciduous trees found in woodland in Europe, Asia and North America. They grow into stately specimens and some have colourful red winter shoots. Included are 3 UK natives, small-leaved, large-leaved and common which is a hybrid of these. Lime leaves are food for several moth species and are very attractive to aphids which in turn attract insects, especially hoverflies and ladybirds. These in turn attract birds. Bees are attracted by the flowers and also drink the honeydew excreted by aphids. Nectar of T. tomentosa and T. tomentosa 'Petiolaris' and oliveri however may be toxic to bees, especially bumblebees.
DeciduousBroadly ovate to rounded, dark-green leaves to 10cm (4in) long, paler beneath.
TreeProduces flowers 2cm (¾in) across in clusters of up to 10. Often produces dense thickets of shoots from the base and from burrs on the trunk. These can be removed.
Hardy - very cold winterHardy in all of UK and northern Europe. Plant can possibly withstand temperatures down to -20°C (-4°F)
Full sunAvoid very dry conditions and protect from strong winds.
- Mature Size
- Tips and Advice
- Goes Well With
- Planting Combinations
- Other Suggestions
- See Also...
Additional FeaturesArchitectural interestGood to knowThe tallest broad-leaved tree in Britain. Some of the biggest British specimens were imported from the Netherlands in the 1700s.Pests & DiseasesGall mites on leaves, scale insects on bark, aphids (producing sticky honeydew), honey fungus, Phytophthora root rot.Place of originEurope.
Scented PlantsScented flowers
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilNeutral to alkaline soilTolerates slight acidity
Tree ShapeBroadly columnar
- How to plant a tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- How to plant a tree
- Ties - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Restaking fallen young trees - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Fallen old tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Clearing up fallen beech tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Spring pruning - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing side shoots - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning and Shaping Magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Deer protection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Weed Spraying - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing Ivy - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing wire protection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Tree Survey - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Crown uplift - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing shoots below graft - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing peeling bark - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Maintaining variegation - Video Tip ondemand_video
Buy Varieties of TILIA
recently introduced Chinese lime. Narrow silver-green leaves and cream flowers
heart-shaped glossy leaves. Scented flowers in summer.
an outstanding plant with red buds and pronounced orange twigs and shoots in winter. Ivory-white scented flowers and butter-yellow autumn colour
a rare tree with huge ovate leaves which have pronounced bristles or teeth. Attractive and unusual flowers in the autumn
a large shrub or small tree which scarcely looks like a lime when first seeing its leaves. Highly scented flowers in August or September
ivy-like leaves, reddish new shoots and leaf stalks. Brilliant yellow autumn colour
attractive yellow new leaves later fading to green with brilliant yellow autumn colour