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Commonly known as Mullein
Statuesque wildlife plants with a long history of use as a herbal remedy.
Genus of 360 species, most of which are biennials, with a few annuals, perennials and subshrubs, some semi-evergreen or evergreen.
They are found mainly on dry, stony hillsides, wasteland and in open woodland in Europe, northern Africa and western and central Asia.
Natives are V. nigrum, dark mullein, uncommon and found on calcareous soils and V. thapsus, Aaron's rod, common on sunny banks and waste places.
Semi-evergreen - Keeps some of its foliage all year, and will drop some leaves as well. - basal rosettes of hairy, grey-green leaves
Height - 70cm(28in)
Spread - 30cm (12in)
Herbaceous - Early in the year, typically January till end of March, herbaceous plants might be supplied in 9cm pots to ensure timely despatch. - short-lived perennial with spikes of flowers to 50cm (20in) long of saucer-shaped flowers to 3cm (1¼in) across
Hardy - average winter - Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F)
Additional Features - Good to know - - wildlife plant - bees, butterflies and other insects
Pests & Diseases - moth caterpillars, figwort weevil, powdery mildew.
Place of origin - garden origin
Hardiness - Frost hardy (down to -5) -
Soil Conditions - Alkaline / Chalk loving - - poor, well-drained soil.
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