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Symbols of spring, prima rosa, appearing in the UK in woodlands, hedgebanks and grassy places and originating mainly in the northern hemisphere with almost half of species coming from the Himalayas.
Genus of about 400 species of mainly herbaceous perennials, some woody based and evergreen.
In groups of upright candelabras, the very diverse primrose/polyantha and the auriculas which include those with centres of white meal displayed as show auriculas.
Represented in the UK by the common P. vulgaris, the cowslip, P. veris (which makes a potent wine), a hybrid between them, false oxlip and the true oxlip. P. elatoir existing in a small area of boulder clay in East Anglia.
Around Yorkshire and Cumbria in damp, peaty places P. farinosa, the bird's-eye primrose grows and to the north on the north and north-west coast of Scotland. the similar P. scotica is native.
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Height - 30cm (12in)
Spread - 45cm (18in)
Herbaceous - Early in the year, typically January till end of March, herbaceous plants might be supplied in 9cm pots to ensure timely despatch. - rosette-forming perennial with oblong-ovate leaves to 20cm (8in) long. Produces umbels of 2-15 salverform flowers 2.5cm (1in) across.
Hardy - cold winter - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F)
Full sun - will tolerate full sun if soil is kept moist
Additional Features - Pests & Diseases - - aphids, leafhoppers, vine weevil, slugs, viruses, primula brown core, grey mould (Botrytis)
Place of origin - Japan
Hardiness - Fully hardy -
Soil Conditions - Neutral to acid soil - - deep, humus-rich, moist soil
- Dividing Herbaceous Perennials - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Spring Planting Osteospermums - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Dividing Summer Perennials - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Dividing summer flowering Hemerocallis - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Summer propagation - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Self-seeding aquilegia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Supporting Plants - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Dead heading meconopsis - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Dead heading Delphiniums - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Feeding herbaceous peonies - Video Tip ondemand_video