BETULA nigra

Commonly known as Black birch, River birch

Purplish orange bark in more mature trees
Further Reading....
  • Deciduous
    glossy, mid- to dark-green leaves to 8cm (3in) long turn yellow in autumn.
  • Height
    18m (60ft)
  • Spread
    12m (40ft)
  • Tree
    Tree with shaggy, red-brown bark, peeling in layers when young and becoming fissured with age. Yellow-brown male catkins to 8cm (3in) long in early spring.
  • Hardy - very cold winter
    Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe. Plant can possibly withstand temperatures down to -20°C (-4°F)
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
    Dappled shade.

BETULA nigra

 
  • Additional Features
    Good to know
    Wildlife plant - insects, birds
    Ornamental bark
    Pests & Diseases
    Birch borers, birch leaf mining sawfly, aphids, birch rust, mildew, honey fungus
    Place of origin
    Eastern USA
  • Hardiness
    Fully hardy
  • Leaf margin
    Serrate
    (see photos above)
  • Leaf shape
    Rhomboidal
    (see photos above)
  • Pruning group
    Pruning group 1
    Suitable for: Deciduous and evergreen trees, and some deciduous shrubs.
    Pruning: Minimal pruning required. Prune wayward or crossing branches to maintain a healthy framework.
    When: When dormant in the late winter/early spring. Some in the summer/autumn to prevent bleeding of sap.

    RHS group 1
  • Seasonal Interest
    Autumn
    Spring
    Summer
    Winter
  • Soil Conditions
    Fertile moist well-drained soil
  • Tree Shape
    Broadly conical
  • Wildlife
    Bee friendly
    Bird friendly
    Rabbit Resistant
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
18m (60ft)
tree - guide for size not form Average Person
  12m (40ft)
 

Buy Varieties of BETULA nigra

BETULA nigra 'Heritage'

BETULA nigra 'Heritage'

Black birch, River birch

shaggy bark with cream and brown tints

 
Gift Wrapping available on this plant - UK Delivery Only Gift-wrapping available
£40.00 each 
Gift Wrapping available on this plant

Useful extras...

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