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Commonly known as Winterbloom, Witch hazel
The "witch" in the name originated in Middle English "wiche" from the Old English "wice" meaning pliable. Witch hazel was used as a synonym for wych elm.
Genus of 5 or 6 species of deciduous shrubs found in woods, woodland margins and on riverbanks in eastern Asia and North America.
H. virginiana, the North American witch hazel which blooms in autumn is the source of the popular astringent which was used widely by Native Americans.
Most garden cultivars are hybrids between the Chinese and Japanese species.
Deciduous - broadly oval, bright green leaves to 15cm (6in) long turning yellow in autumn
Height - 4m (13ft)
Spread - 4m (13ft)
Tall Shrub - vase-shaped habit with ascending branches
Hardy - cold winter - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F)
Additional Features - Pests & Diseases - honey fungus, coral spot
Place of origin - garden origin
Hardiness - Fully hardy
Is Scented Plant - Scented flowers
Soil Conditions - Fertile moist well-drained soil - will also tolerate deep, humus-rich soils over chalk
Neutral to acid soil