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Commonly known as Engler's beech
DeciduousLeaves to 11cm (4¼in) long with fine hairs. leaves turn yellow-bronze in autumn
TreeUsually multi-stemmed tree with light, branching structure. Vase-shaped when young, maturing to a more rounded form with spreading branches
Hardy - average winterHardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F)
Additional FeaturesGood to knowElegant, medium-sized tree with dainty leavesPests & DiseasesAphids, bark scales, beech bark disease, bracket fungi, powdery mildewPlace of originCentral China. Introduced by Ernest Wilson 1907
(see photos above)
(see photos above)Ovate (see photos above)
Pruning groupPruning group 1Suitable for: Deciduous and evergreen trees, and some deciduous shrubs.
Pruning: Minimal pruning required. Prune wayward or crossing branches to maintain a healthy framework.
When: When dormant in the late winter/early spring. Some in the summer/autumn to prevent bleeding of sap.
RHS group 1
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilModerately fertile