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Commonly known as Hornbeam
DeciduousNarrowly lance-shaped, glossy, dark green leaves to 8cm (3in) long
TreeMedium to large tree with slender, pendulous shoots. Pendent, leafy-bracted racemes of fruitCrown becomes flat-topped with age
Hardy - cold winterHardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F)
Additional FeaturesGood to knowVery attractive young shootsPests & Diseasescaterpillars, apids, coral spotPlace of originChina
Pruning groupPruning group 1Suitable for: Deciduous and evergreen trees, and some deciduous shrubs.
Pruning: Minimal pruning required. Prune wayward or crossing branches to maintain a healthy framework.
When: When dormant in the late winter/early spring. Some in the summer/autumn to prevent bleeding of sap.
RHS group 1
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilModerately fertile. Will not tolerate drought