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1 year old plants
All £9.50 each, any 3 for £24.00 or any 5 for £35.00
2 year old plants
All £18.50 each, any 3 for £45.00 or any 5 for £65.00
J = japonica
S = sasanqua
R = reticulata
W = x williamsii
Sp = species
Sizes and varieties available change throughout the year. For up to date availability see website. Please do specify substitutes if and where you can. Some varieties flower in OCT-NOV, others go on from JAN-MAY.
Genus of over 250 species of long-lived, elegant, evergreen shrubs and small trees, 1-20m (3-65ft) tall, from areas of acid soil in woodland areas from northern India and the Himalayas to China and Japan and south to northern Indonesia, Java and Sumatra. They usually have bold, glossy leaves and flowers in shades of white, pink, red or yellow. Some are fragrant.
Economically important in the subcontinent of India and Asia, the leaves of C. sinensis are processed for the beverage tea and C. oleifera produces tea seed oil used for cooking. The UK climate is suitable for camellia and "grow your own" tea is becoming popular, especially the green variety with its high level of antioxidants. C. sinensis var. sinensis is the China tea and C. sinensis var. assamica the Indian version.
Cultivated in the gardens of China and Japan for centuries before they were seen in Europe, varieties were brought in in the late 18th century by the British East India Company as the tea trade flourished.
- Camellia - A guide to sizing and pricing
- Camellia - Care Guide
- Camellia - Hybridisation
- Camellias - Background info Videos.
- Cold weather damage to evergreen plants
- Planting to avoid allergic reactions and asthma
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 1) Collecting Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 2) Storing Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 3) Planting Seeds
Shades of pinkAll shades of pink through to Carmine (red)Very pale pink
Hardy - cold winterHardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F)
- Mature Size
- Tips and Advice
- Goes Well With
- Planting Combinations
- Other Suggestions
- See Also...
Additional FeaturesGood to knowNamed after the Head Gardener at Caerhays in the 1940s and 1950s.Pests & DiseasesAphids, scale insects, vine weevils, leaf spot.Place of originGarden origin. UK. Caerhays Estate, Cornwall
Burncoose SpecialitiesCaerhays bred plantsCamellias
Camellia TypesX williamsiiC. japonica x C. saluenensis. These cultivars vary greatly in habit, leaves and flowers
Flower ShapeSingleRow of petals round conspicuous stamens - no more than 8 petals8cm (3in) across
(see photos above)
(see photos above)Oblong (see photos above)
Pruning groupPruning group 5Suitable for: Evergreen shrubs that require minimal pruning.
Action: Trim or lightly cut back shoots that spoil symmetry. Deadhead regularly.
When: Annually after flowering.
RHS group 8
Soil ConditionsAcid / ericaceous lovingFertile moist well-drained soil
Tree ShapeRounded to broadly columnarRounded to broadly spreading
- Camellia Care - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Soil Conditions
- Planting Tips
- Camellia Pruning - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Wind damaged pruning & staking - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pests and Diseases
- Sooty mould in spring - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Collecting Camellia Seeds - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Propagation by semi-ripe cuttings - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Flowering Periods
- Self Seeding Camellia reticulata - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Further Reading
- Propagation information - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Camellia 'Cornish Snow Michael' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Camellia oleifera - Video Tip ondemand_video
- C.'Satan's Robe' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- C. transnokoensis - Video Tip ondemand_video
- x williamsii Camellias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Camellias - Signature Plants
- Allergic reactions and pollen
- Plants which produce masses of pollen - to avoid
- Plants producing little pollen - relatively safe!
- When is the right time to collect seeds?
- When are seeds actually ripe and ready for collection?
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Cornus capitata seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Lithocarpus Seed Collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Rhododendron seed collecting - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Camellia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Storing seeds over winter
- Embothrium Collecting and Storing Seeds
- Decaisnea Seed Collection & Potting
Buy Varieties of CAMELLIA
Japonica. Mottled single pink with white edge often 'sports' white and red flowers on same bush
Japonica. Large semi-double scarlet with red and yellow stamens
Japonica. Scarlet paeony form with deeper centre
Japonica. Paeony form mid-pink shading to white in the centre
Japonica. Semi-double soft pink fading to white centre
x williamsii. Large paeony form, deep rose-pink
x williamsii. Flowers have irregular white flecking
Japonica. Semi-double glowing red, sometimes blotched white.
Japonica. Single white flushed rose
Japonica. (Syn. Beni-arajishi) - distinctive tapering leaves and rose-red paeony flowers
x williamsii. Large flowered salmon pink paeony or anemone form
x williamsii. Very pale pink single flowers which open flattish
Japonica. Double anemone form, crimson
Reticulata. Very dark red formal double flowers with a silvery sheen
Japonica. Vivid salmon-red with irregular petals
Japonica. Very dark red large semi-double with a compact growth habit
x williamsii. Large pink semi-double with fluted petals
x williamsii. Very large semi-double, silver pink
Japonica. Opens creamy yellow, anemone form
x williamsii. Single pale pink with very compact growth
x williamsii. Double purplish pink
Japonica. Paeony form double red
Reticulata. Large ruffled pink
x williamsii. Rose-pink single with deeper streaks which opens flat
Japonica. Double white blotched pink
x williamsii. Sport of Donation with much larger fuller flowers which are a very deep pink and almost red
white, fragrant, pink-tinged flowers
semi-double scented white
white formal double flowers
Japonica. Double carmine-red