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Commonly known as Valerian
A common, introduced perennial, evocative of old cottage gardens. It is found on dry banks, cliffs and old walls as it can tolerate the lime in mortar.
Genus of 8-12 annuals and perennials from dry, sunny slopes in southern Europe, the Mediterranean, northwestern Africa and southwestern Asia.
C. ruber is the only species in common cultivation and comes in white and shades from pale rose-pink to dark crimson.
Very beneficial to insects but if bruised or damaged releases a rank odour.
Herbaceous - Early in the year, typically January till end of March, herbaceous plants might be supplied in 9cm pots to ensure timely despatch. - annuals, perennials and some subshrubs. Erect, branched stems, funnel-shaped red or white flowers.
Full sun - at its best on old walls or stony banks.
Additional Features - Good to know - wildlife plant - bees, butterflies, moths, insects. Deadhead to prolong flowering.
Medicinal properties - often confused with Valeriana officinalis (common valerian), the medicinal native.
Pests & Diseases - none.
Place of origin - southern Europe, Mediterranean, northwest Africa, southwest Asia. Naturalised in UK.
Soil Conditions - Neutral to alkaline soil
Well drained, dry, poor to moderately fertile soil
Wildlife - Bee friendly
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