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Commonly known as Hawthorn
Genus of 140 or more species of usually spiny, deciduous, sometimes semi-evergreen trees and shrubs found in woodland and scrub in northern temperate regions.
The well-known small tree provides food and shelter for a myriad of insects, mammals and birds as well as foodstuffs and medicine throughout history.
In the 18th and 19th centuries hawthorn saplings were propagated on a massive scale to provide boundaries for the Inclosure Acts where almost 7 million acres of land was enclosed.
Superstition and folklore abounds in a genus which is so widespread.
DeciduousOccasionally semi-evergreen trees and shrubs.
Additional FeaturesGood to knowExtremely hardy. Wildlife plant. Host plant to almost 150 insect species. Birds and woodmice adore fruit. Hedges provide nest sites.Medicinal propertiesIn ancient times used for treating gout, pleurisy and insomnia. Currently used to treat heart valve disease.Pests & DiseasesCaterpillars, aphids, gall midges, fireblight. honey fungus, rust, powdery mildew.Place of originNorthern temperate regions.
Scented PlantsScented flowersFragrance is better from a distance.
Soil ConditionsAlkaline / Chalk lovingTolerates allAny soil except waterlogged.
- Crataegus - Growing Guide
- C. schraderiana, ellwangeriana, combyi & aprica - Video Tip ondemand_video
- How to plant a tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- How to plant a tree
- Ties - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Restaking fallen young trees - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Fallen old tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Clearing up fallen beech tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Spring pruning - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing side shoots - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning and Shaping Magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Deer protection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Weed Spraying - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing Ivy - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing wire protection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Tree Survey - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Crown uplift - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing shoots below graft - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing peeling bark - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Maintaining variegation - Video Tip ondemand_video
Buy Varieties of CRATAEGUS
an American hawthorn with spoon-shaped leaves and large berries
hawthorn with red or purple-black berries
a hawthorn with zigzag branches and large berries
shrub or small tree with light red berries
a thornless American Cockspur hawthorn
a rare, attractive hawthorn. Large berries and good autumn colour
late into flower and prominent red fruits
('Punicea') - an attractive form with single scarlet flowers and a pronounced white centre
double pink flowers on this hawthorn
a thorny, small tree. Good autumn colour and orange-red berries
spreading hawthorn. Downy orange-red fruit
a small compact broad headed tree notable for its persistent red fruit and striking autumn colour
a rounded tree with deeply cut grey-green leaves. Masses of large purple-red fruits, no prickles either!
usually thornless tree. Aromatic, orange-yellow fruit