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Commonly known as
Includes the monocarpic monsters, E. pininana, which, if conditions permit, will self seed and multiply to bee-loving pillars.
Flower colours are blue, purple, yellow, white or red.
Genus of rosette-forming, stiffly hairy annuals and evergreen biennials, perennials (some monocarpic - plants which flower and fruit just once and then die) and shrubs from stony hillsides, cliffs, open woodland and grassy steppes in Europe, the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean, Africa and western Asia.
EvergreenRosette forming evergreen annuals and biennials including shrubs.
Half hardy - unheated greenhouse / mild winterHardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)
Partial shadeCan tolerate partial shade.
May cause skin allergy or irritantHaving skin or eye contact with these plants could result in an allergic reaction, burning or rash.
Additional FeaturesGood to knowGrown for their spikes of funnel- or bell-shaped flowers. Wildlife plant - bees, hoverflies.Pests & DiseasesSlugs attack new growth - in greenhouse whiteflies and red spider mites can be problemmatical.Place of originEurope, Canary Islands, Mediterranean, Africa, western Asia.
HardinessFrost hardy (down to -5)
Soil ConditionsFertile well drained soil
Buy Varieties of ECHIUM
(candicans) - medium bushy shrub with grey-green foliage and short spikes of bluish flowers
(pinnifolium) - single stemmed biennial with long green leaves and enormous spikes of purplish-blue flowers
biennial producing an eyecatching spire of masses of blue flowers
(E. wildpretii x E. 'Pink Fountain'). 4-6 ft spikes of dark pink-red flowers with blue anthers. Some frost tolerance given shelter and good drainage. Perennial
silvery, hairy leaves with a tall red flower spike