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Commonly known as Cornel, Dogwood
Genus of about 60 species of mainly deciduous shrubs and small trees from grasslands, thickets, woodland, rocky slopes and swamps mainly in northern temperate areas.
Tthe species have been used as food and medicine and in manufacture of small implements and cutting boards. The wood is beautiful, fine-grained and hard.
The "dogwood' name might have come from the "dags" (daggers, skewers and arrows) made from the slender stems. Fruits were known as "dogberries".
Two species are represented in the UK. C. mas is a widely found introduction, C sanguinea a native extending particularly on chalk as far north as the Midlands.
Deciduous - shrubs or small trees. A few woody-based perennials. Grown for their showy bracts, elegant habit, fruits and colourful autumn leaves.
Ground cover - These plants are typically low growing and spread quickly to inhibit weed growth on areas of bare soil
Medium shrub - Typically grow to around 4-6 feet in height
Additional Features - Place of origin - northern temperate areas.