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Commonly known as Winterbloom, Witch hazel
The "witch" in the name originated in Middle English "wiche" from the Old English "wice" meaning pliable. Witch hazel was used as a synonym for wych elm.
Genus of 5 or 6 species of deciduous shrubs found in woods, woodland margins and on riverbanks in eastern Asia and North America.
H. virginiana, the North American witch hazel which blooms in autumn is the source of the popular astringent which was used widely by Native Americans.
Most garden cultivars are hybrids between the Chinese and Japanese species.
Deciduous - shrubs. Generally oval leaves.
Tall Shrub - flowers 2-3cm (¾ to 1¼in) across with 4 narrow petals, in dense axillary clusters.
Additional Features - Good to know - - grown for their autumn colour and fragrant, spidery flowers. Effective in small groups.
Medicinal properties - various distillates from the Virginian witch hazel are used medicinally for the astringent properties.
Pests & Diseases - honey fungus, coral spot
Place of origin - eastern Asia, North America.
Soil Conditions - Fertile moist well-drained soil - - will also tolerate deep humus rich soils over chalk.
Neutral to acid soil