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Commonly known as Winterbloom, Witch hazel
The "witch" in the name originated in Middle English "wiche" from the Old English "wice" meaning pliable. Witch hazel was used as a synonym for wych elm.
Genus of 5 or 6 species of deciduous shrubs found in woods, woodland margins and on riverbanks in eastern Asia and North America.
H. virginiana, the North American witch hazel which blooms in autumn is the source of the popular astringent which was used widely by Native Americans.
Most garden cultivars are hybrids between the Chinese and Japanese species.
DeciduousShrubs. Generally oval leaves.
Tall ShrubFlowers 2-3cm (¾ to 1¼in) across with 4 narrow petals, in dense axillary clusters.
Additional FeaturesGood to knowGrown for their autumn colour and fragrant, spidery flowers. Effective in small groups.Medicinal propertiesVarious distillates from the Virginian witch hazel are used medicinally for the astringent properties.Pests & DiseasesHoney fungus, coral spotPlace of originEastern Asia, North America.
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilWill also tolerate deep humus rich soils over chalk.Neutral to acid soil
Buy Varieties of HAMAMELIS
spreading habit and deep orange flowers. Yellow autumn colour
large yellow flowers in mid and late winter
large fragrant bronzy-yellow flowers shading from red at the base to yellow at the tips
deep bronzy red
(syn. 'Firecracker'). Orange-red, lightly scented flowers
crinkled, yellow-orange flowers with subtle scent
('Copper Beauty') - large coppery orange-red flowers
sulphur yellow with sweet scent
dark red flowers
sulphur yellow strap-like flowers. Excellent autumn colour
citron-yellow, highly perfumed flowers
sweetly scented golden-yellow flowers