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Commonly known as Ivy
An essential climber for any garden. The native H. helix, with holly and fir, is one of the essential winter celebration trio.
The most valuable winter food for birds, the berries forming by November and ripening by Christmas.
Genus of about 22 species of evergreen, woody-stemmed, trailing or self-clinging climbers.
They are found in light woodland or on trees and rocks in N. Africa, the Canary Islands, the Azores and Madeira, and from Europe to the Himalayas, China, Korea and Japan.
They show two distinct stages of growth. In the creeping or climbing juvenile stage they have adventitious rootlets, lobed leaves and hairy shoots. In the adult stage they produce aerial "bushes" with entire leaves and flowers and fruit.
The native H. helix has produced numerous variants and cultivars, many of which are easily grown as houseplants, in hanging baskets or containers.
Evergreen - in a host of variegations.
Climber - Some of these climbing plants will need trellis or wire supports if grown on walls or fences. Other grow aerial roots and are self-clinging - woody-stemmed, self-clinging climber.
Ground cover - These plants are typically low growing and spread quickly to inhibit weed growth on areas of bare soil - woody-stemmed trailing shrub.
Partial shade - green varieties are shade tolerant but variegated and yellows prefer more light - shelter from colds winds
May cause skin allergy or irritant - Having skin or eye contact with these plants could result in an allergic reaction, burning or rash.
Additional Features - Good to know - - valuable wildlife plant - birds, insects. Ivies have two distinct stages of growth. The juvenile creeping or climbing stage has stem rootlets and lobed leaves. The adult stage produces 'bushes' of oval, usually entire leaves .
Pests & Diseases - red spider mites, scale insects, aphids, leaf spot.
Place of origin - North Africa, Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira, and from Europe to Himalayas, China, Korea and Japan.
Soil Conditions - Alkaline / Chalk loving -
Fertile moist well-drained soil - humus- rich.