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Commonly known as Hawthorn
Genus of 140 or more species of usually spiny, deciduous, sometimes semi-evergreen trees and shrubs found in woodland and scrub in northern temperate regions.
The well-known small tree provides food and shelter for a myriad of insects, mammals and birds as well as foodstuffs and medicine throughout history.
In the 18th and 19th centuries hawthorn saplings were propagated on a massive scale to provide boundaries for the Inclosure Acts where almost 7 million acres of land was enclosed.
Superstition and folklore abounds in a genus which is so widespread.
Deciduous - occasionally semi-evergreen trees and shrubs.
Additional Features - Good to know - extremely hardy. Wildlife plant. Host plant to almost 150 insect species. Birds and woodmice adore fruit. Hedges provide nest sites.
Medicinal properties - in ancient times used for treating gout, pleurisy and insomnia. Currently used to treat heart valve disease.
Pests & Diseases - caterpillars, aphids, gall midges, fireblight. honey fungus, rust, powdery mildew.
Place of origin - northern temperate regions.
Scented Plants - Scented flowers - fragrance is better from a distance.
Soil Conditions - Alkaline / Chalk loving
Tolerates all - any soil except waterlogged.
Wildlife - Bee friendly
- How to plant a tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- How to plant a tree
- Checking ties - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Restaking fallen young tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Fallen old tree - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Spring pruning - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing side shoots - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Deer protection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Weed Spraying - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Tree Survey - Video Tip ondemand_video