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PERSEA thunbergii

Commonly known as Japanese bay, Machilus

The most striking feature of this dense large leafed evergreen tree is its striking bright red new growth which is splendid in June
Further Reading....


  • Evergreen - stalked, inversely lance-shaped or elliptic, pointed leaves 8-15cm (3-6in) long, tapering at the bases, flushed red or bronze when emerging.
  • Yellow - yellow green
  • Height - 10m (33ft)
  • Spread - 6m (20ft)
  • Tall Shrub
  • Tree - broad, tiered branches. Produces yellow-green, star-shaped flowers followed by purple fruits
  • Half hardy - unheated greenhouse / mild winter - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)
  • Full sun - sheltered position
  • Partial shade - light, dappled shade
  • Additional Features - Good to know - - only suitable for mild areas. Syn. Machilus thunbergii
  • Pests & Diseases - Phytophthora root rot
  • Place of origin - southern Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China
  • Flower Shape - Panicles - - many-flowered panicles 5-12cm (2-4¾in) long
  • Star-shaped
  • Hardiness - Half hardy (down to 0) -
  • Scented Plants - Scented flowers -
  • Soil Conditions - Fertile moist well-drained soil - - humus-rich
  • Neutral to acid soil
  • Tree Shape - Rounded to broadly columnar -
10m (33ft)
tree - guide for size not form Average Person
  6m (20ft)

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