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Commonly known as New Zealand flax
Genus of two species of evergreen perennials P. cookianum (Mountain flax) and P. tenax (New Zealand flax).
They are found in scrub and swamps and on hillsides and riverbanks in areas ranging from coasts to mountains in New Zealand.
The flax label originates from the Cook expedition where the native popuation wore garments similar to linens (made from flax).
An industry was proposed for the Scillies in the late 1800s, probably for rope, but nothing came of it. Naturalised plants of P. tenax can be found all over the Isles.
Evergreen - perennials forming clumps of large, linear, keeled leaves each folded into a V-shape at the base.
Medium shrub - Typically grow to around 4-6 feet in height - small, tubular flowers on tall leafless stems in summer.
Additional Features - Good to know - - two species, P. cookianum (Mountain flax), P. tenax (New Zealand flax). Good focal point plant. Ideal for coastal garden.
Pests & Diseases - mealybugs might be a problem
Place of origin - from coasts to mountains in New Zealand
Resistant to honey fungus - These plants have little or few problems with honey fungus.
Soil Conditions - Fertile moist well-drained soil - - in frost-prone areas provide a deep, dry winter mulch.