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Commonly known as New Zealand flax
Genus of two species of evergreen perennials P. cookianum (Mountain flax) and P. tenax (New Zealand flax).
They are found in scrub and swamps and on hillsides and riverbanks in areas ranging from coasts to mountains in New Zealand.
The flax label originates from the Cook expedition where the native popuation wore garments similar to linens (made from flax).
An industry was proposed for the Scillies in the late 1800s, probably for rope, but nothing came of it. Naturalised plants of P. tenax can be found all over the Isles.
EvergreenPerennials forming clumps of large, linear, keeled leaves each folded into a V-shape at the base.
Medium shrubTypically grow to around 4-6 feet in heightSmall, tubular flowers on tall leafless stems in summer.
Additional FeaturesGood to knowTwo species, P. cookianum (Mountain flax), P. tenax (New Zealand flax). Good focal point plant. Ideal for coastal garden.Pests & DiseasesMealybugs might be a problemPlace of originFrom coasts to mountains in New ZealandResistant to honey fungusThese plants have little or few problems with honey fungus.
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilIn frost-prone areas provide a deep, dry winter mulch.
Buy Varieties of PHORMIUM
a new release with distinctive olive green centres to the leaves which have golden cream stripes and a thin margin of orange-red
yellow leaves overlaid with apricot, edged dark green bronze
compact, dwarf habit and very dark foliage
a fantastic deep burgundy coloured phormium with a semi-upright habit. Grows to 4 ft
the darkest of all the 'black' phormiums. Arching foliage has a beautiful silvery underside
arching outer leaves, red-bronze in colour
variegated green with cream centre and red margin. Spreading and drooping habit
rich crimson-red with darker red margins
dark purple-black leaves and a strong upright habit
creamy margins to the leaves. Smaller growing than most varieties
bright red and pink leaves which are erect at first and then spreading
small with weeping habit but compact. Leaves have orange-pink, green and pale yellow stripes
distrinctive overall golden-yellow appearance. Leaves have a narrow green centre with golden stripes nearer the margins
tall growing variety with stiff upright leaves which have creamy-yellow centres fading to gold with an occasional pinkish flush
a new variety with pink centres to the leaves which have attractive lime-green margins
green margins and central reddish-brown stripe
rich candy-pink foliage margined deep ruby red
bluish-grey leaves edged pink
rich deep bluish purple coloured leaves and compact habit
pale pink centre fading cream on outside of leaves
deep pink centre with purple edge
red, pink and bronze
purple, pink and cream. Tall and upright growing
green tall growing
long bronzy-purple leaves
variegated, green with cream edge and a thin red stripe on the leaf margin
striped pink and bronzy-green leaves
bright yellow and green tall growing and upright