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Commonly known as Hornbeam
DeciduousOvate to lance-shaped, saw-toothed leaves to 5cm (2in) long with conspicuous veins, reported to remain on tree into winter
TreePendent catkins to 6cm (2½in) long followed by nutlet fruits
Hardy - average winterHardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F)
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Additional FeaturesPests & DiseasesCaterpillars, aphids, coral spotPlace of originChina (Fujian), Taiwan
(see photos above)
(see photos above)Ovate (see photos above)
Pruning groupPruning group 1Suitable for: Deciduous and evergreen trees, and some deciduous shrubs.
Pruning: Minimal pruning required. Prune wayward or crossing branches to maintain a healthy framework.
When: When dormant in the late winter/early spring. Some in the summer/autumn to prevent bleeding of sap.
RHS group 1
Soil ConditionsFertile well drained soilModerately fertile