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Commonly known as Sage
In the mint family. Very large genus of about 900 species of annuals, biennials, herbaceous and evergreen perennials and shrubs distributed generally in temperate and tropical regions.
They are frequently aromatic, hairy or woolly and many species attract bees. Some have medicinal and culinary qualities.
Clary (clear-eye) sage, S. verbenaca and S. pratensis are the UK natives. Seeds of the former, from dry pastures and roadsides in southern England, were made in to a mucilage and used to soothe eye irritation, roots were ground as snuff and leaves used as a herb with lemon or orange juice. The latter, meadow clary, has a status of Vulnerable and Near Threatened because of the manufacture of "improved grassland". It is found on calcareous grassland in southern England.
Less hardy varieties can be grown in containers.
Herbaceous - Early in the year, typically January till end of March, herbaceous plants might be supplied in 9cm pots to ensure timely despatch.
Medium shrub - Typically grow to around 4-6 feet in height
Additional Features - Good to know - wildlife plant. Very attractive to bees and butterflies. Used for culinary purposes (S. officinalis)
Medicinal properties - S. officinalis (common sage) - a history of use in medicine
Pests & Diseases - slugs, snails on young growth. Under glass, aphids, red spider mite, whitefly, foot and root rots.
Place of origin - worldwide distribution in temperate and tropical regions.
Resistant to honey fungus - These plants have little or few problems with honey fungus.
Soil Conditions - Well drained, dry, poor to moderately fertile soil - dislikes winter wet. An exception is S. uliginosa (bog sage) which needs moist soil.
Wildlife - Bee friendly
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