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Last updated 26/3/20 10:28.
'Q' > QUERCUS >

QUERCUS

Commonly known as Oak

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Genus of about 530 species of deciduous, semi-evergreen or evergreen trees and shrubs in the beech family widely distributed in woodland and scrub in the northern hemisphere extending to tropical latitudes.

Because of land use changes and climate change many species are under acute threat. In the highlands of Mexico, Central America and the northern Andes forests have been cleared to make coffee plantations and cattle ranching. Pine forests are invading oak in the Indian Himalayas because of temperature rise.

In the UK, Phytopthora ramorum (so-called sudden oak death), a bacterium thought to cause acute oak decline and the oak processionary moth, which causes defoliation, are all modern threats.

Represented in the UK by 2 natives, Sessile or Durmast (Q. petraea), stalked leaves and unstalked acorns and English or Pedunculate (Q. robur) with very short stalks on leaves and long stalks on acorns.

Two other oaks commonly seen are the holm oak (Q. ilex), evergreen, and the Turkey oak (Q. cerris) which was introduced, mistakenly, as a source of good timber.

 

 

Further Reading....

  • Evergreen - elliptic to oblong thick, leathery leaves 5-12cm (2-5in) long, 2.5-7.5 cm (1-3in) wide. New leaves are spiny-toothed, bright green above, nearly white beneath
  • Height - to 10m (33ft)
  • Spread - 8m (26ft)
  • Tree - very slow-growing small tree developing a broad crown with age. Dark grey bark cracking into rectangular scales
  • Hardy - average winter - Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F) - protect with mulch in severe winters
  • Full sun - requires a warm summer to do well
  • Additional Features - Good to know - a mulch of the leaves is said to repel slugs, though fresh leaves inhibit plant growth
  • Pests & Diseases - aphids, gall wasps, oak wilt, honey fungus, powdery mildew, bracket fungus
  • Place of origin - Himalayas
  • Hardiness - Frost hardy (down to -5) -
  • Soil Conditions - Fertile well drained soil
  • Tree Shape - Rounded to broadly spreading
to 10m (33ft)
tree - guide for size not form Average Person
  8m (26ft)
 

Buy Varieties of QUERCUS

QUERCUS buckleyi

QUERCUS buckleyi  >


Commonly known as: Texas red oak.
Noted for its excellent autumn colours this newly introduced species is growing well at Caerhays
£25.00 each

QUERCUS cerris

QUERCUS cerris  >


Commonly known as: Bitter oak, Turkey oak.
Multibuy
Pot grown individually £8.50 each, 10+ £7.00 each

QUERCUS coccinea

QUERCUS coccinea  >


Commonly known as: Scarlet oak.
excellent autumn colour
Grafted £30.00 each

QUERCUS dentata 'Carl Ferris Miller'

QUERCUS dentata 'Carl Ferris Miller'  >


Commonly known as: Daimio oak, Daimyo oak.
Stout shoots and very broad, large, ovate leaves. Rare and fairly slow growing.
Grafted £35.00 each
Notify me when this plant is available to order
Available autumn 2020 -

QUERCUS dentata 'Sir Harold Hillier'

QUERCUS dentata 'Sir Harold Hillier'  >


Commonly known as: Daimio oak, Daimyo oak.
Large green leaves which turn brown in the autumn and hold on the tree all winter
£40.00 each

QUERCUS ilex

QUERCUS ilex  >


Commonly known as: Evergreen oak, Holm oak.
Evergreen oak, excellent for windy or coastal conditions
Multibuy
Small individually £10.50 each, 10+ £9.50 each
Multibuy
Large individually £30.00 each, 10+ £27.50 each
Notify me when this plant is available to order
Available autumn 2020 -

QUERCUS imbricaria

QUERCUS imbricaria  >


Commonly known as: Shingle oak.
Long narrow oval leaves. Rich autumn colours
£16.00 each
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Available autumn 2020 -

QUERCUS insignis

QUERCUS insignis  >


Commonly known as: Oak.
This Mexican species produces its attractive pink secondary new growth in the autumn and therefore needs a very sheltered frost free location to get established
£35.00 each

QUERCUS liaotungensis

QUERCUS liaotungensis  >


Commonly known as: Liaotung oak.
A dense full crowned species from China and Mongolia with leaves which hang on for most of the winter. The acorns are used in the treatment of arthritis
£30.00 each
Notify me when this plant is available to order
Available autumn 2020 -

QUERCUS mongolica

QUERCUS mongolica  >


Commonly known as: Mongolian oak.
Leaves borne in dense clusters at the ends of the branches
£25.00 each
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Available autumn 2020 -

QUERCUS myrsinifolia

QUERCUS myrsinifolia  >


Commonly known as: Oak.
Small and compact tree with dark green leaves which are paler beneath. Used as a windbreak at Caerhays
£16.00 each

QUERCUS phillyreoides

QUERCUS phillyreoides  >


Commonly known as: Oak.
Rare evergreen oak with oval leathery glossy green leaves and bronze-tinted new growth
£16.00 each

QUERCUS pontica

QUERCUS pontica  >


Commonly known as: Armenian oak, Pontine oak.
An oak with shrubby habit and huge ovate leaves. Good autumn colour
£25.00 each

QUERCUS robur

QUERCUS robur  >


Commonly known as: Common oak, English oak, Pedunculate oak.
Multibuy
Pot grown 2-3ft individually £8.50 each, 10+ £7.00 each

QUERCUS robur 'Concordia'

QUERCUS robur 'Concordia'  >


Commonly known as: Common oak, English oak, Pedunculate oak.
Golden oak - leaves suffused golden yellow in spring and summer
Grafted £25.00 each

QUERCUS rubra

QUERCUS rubra  >


Commonly known as: Red oak.
excellent autumn colour
Whip £16.50 each
Small H/Std £55.00 each

QUERCUS rubra 'Aurea'

QUERCUS rubra 'Aurea'  >


Commonly known as: Red oak.
Clear golden new leaves which remain yellowish all summer
£30.00 each

QUERCUS rhysophylla 'Maya'  AWARD

QUERCUS rhysophylla 'Maya'  >


Commonly known as: Loquat-leaf oak.
A hardy Mexican oak with attractive downy reddish new growth maturing to a bullate glossy green
£30.00 each

QUERCUS x schuettei 'Silver Shadow'

QUERCUS x schuettei 'Silver Shadow'  >


Commonly known as: Schuette's oak.
Green leaves which are silvery on the reverse
£30.00 each

QUERCUS velutina

QUERCUS velutina  >


Commonly known as: Black oak, Quercitron oak.
Very large and irreularly lobed leaves. Reddish-brown and yellowish autumn colour
£16.00 each
Notify me when this plant is available to order
Availability yet to be determined - We don't yet know when or if this plant is coming back into stock

QUERCUS virginiana

QUERCUS virginiana  >


Commonly known as: Southern live oak.
Tall growing species with longitudinally furrowed bark. It keeps its leaves throughout the winter dropping them only when the new growth emerges
£16.00 each

QUERCUS x warei 'Chimney Fire'

QUERCUS x warei 'Chimney Fire'  >


Commonly known as: Oak.
Vivid red autumn colour
£30.00 each
Notify me when this plant is available to order
Availability yet to be determined - We don't yet know when or if this plant is coming back into stock

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