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Commonly known as Large-leaved bamboo
Bamboo, a sub family of the grass family is found mainly in warm and moist tropical and warm temperate climates. It contains some of the fastest-growing plants on Earth, 36ins in 24 hours, though growth in temperate regions is more like 3-10cms (1.2-3.9ins) per day.
Found in tropical and sub-tropical Asia, tropical America, Africa and northern Australia.
Unlike all trees, individual bamboo culms emerge at their full diameter and grow to their full height in a single growing season of 3-4 months. As the clump matures thicker and taller culms emerge each year until the plant reaches its characteristic limit.
Most bamboo species flower infrequently, at intervals as long as 60 or 120 years, These exhibit mass (or gregarious) flowering and any plant derived from the same stock will flower wherever it is located. After flowering the plant dies.
EvergreenOblong to lance-shaped, hairless, glossy, dark grey-green leaves to 60cm (24in) long
Height1-2m (3-6½ft), usually less in cultivation
BambooModerately-spreading bamboo forming dense thickets of bright green drooping canes to 1cm (½in) across. Each node usually produces one branch.
Hardy - cold winterHardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F)
Full sunTolerates full sun
Partial shadeLight, dappled shade
Additional FeaturesGood to knowCan be grown in a containerPests & DiseasesAphids, occasionallyPlace of originJapan
Garden Location/ConditionsPatio / pot plants
(see photos above)
(see photos above)Oblong (see photos above)
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilModerately fertile. Humus-rich.
1-2m (3-6½ft), usually less in cultivation
Buy Varieties of BAMBOO
red culms maturing to golden
a very decorative and hardy bamboo with bluish-green new canes of up to 12 feet and creamy-white sheaths covered with bristly brown hairs
(syn. F. scabrida 'Asian Wonder') - Reddish-purple young canes becoming green
light green canes with red-brown sheathes. Clump-forming. Height to 2 m. Good for screening
tall graceful species, canes bright green at first becoming deep yellow-green and finally brown at maturity. Young shoots edible in spring
sulphur yellow canes with occasional green stripes near the bases
colourful and robust with golden canes, green grooved and sometimes burnished red in young growth. Fully hardy and best grown in the open so the full spectacle of these brilliantly coloured stems can be properly seen
fully hardy species. Splits from canes used for weaving in China. White striping on the culm
tall growing bamboo with edible young shoots in spring and green canes. A good screening bamboo which, although it is fairly slow to form large clumps is not very invasive
graceful arching habit, canes green at first becoming mottled dark brown or black. Prefers a sunny position
(Arundinaria fortunei) - low tufted species forming dense thickets. Suitable for rock garden, 2-3' tall, silver variegated
(Arundinaria auricoma) - very hardy bamboo growing up to 3 feet with purplish green canes and bright yellow and green foliage. Ideal for landscaping
the hardiest and most commonly used hedging bamboo which has seeded and died out in many Cornish gardens over recent years
medium sized bamboo with broad palmate leaves, growing up to 6-7' tall. Makes an excellent hedge or windbreak. New shoots form a favourite food for pandas
(Arundinaria vagans) - quick spreading hardy and dense bamboo with attractive light green new shoots and leaves. Grows to a maximum of 3 feet