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Commonly known as Tree heath
A shrub to bring a moorland character to your garden.
Genus of more than 800 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and subshrubs from a variety of habitats from wet moorland to dry heathland in Europe, western Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, northern Africa, Macaronesia, montane habitats in tropical Africa and especially temperate southern Africa (Cape heaths). They often dominate heathland and moorland and this is mirrored in miniature with their ground-covering characteristics in garden planting.
E.carnea, Alpine or Winter heath flowers from winter to mid spring, cinerea, bell heather from early summer to early autumn, vagans, Cornish heath, from midsummer to mid-autumn and x darleyensis, a particularly useful groundcover, from late autumn through winter to early spring. All are an excellent source of nectar for bees.
Native ericas are E. ciliaris, Dorset heath found also in Devon, Cornwall and the west of Ireland, E. cinerea, Bell heather, common on the drier areas of moorland and tetralix, Cross-leaved heath. common except for the Midlands. E. vagans, in the wild, is found on the Lizard peninsula in Cornwall.
EvergreenNeedle-like, dark-green leaves, grooved beneath.
HeightTo 6m (20ft)
Tall ShrubUpright habit. Produces bell-shaped flowers in pyramidal, leafy racemes 20-40cm (8-16in) long.
- Mature Size
- Tips and Advice
- Goes Well With
- Planting Combinations
- Other Suggestions
- See Also...
Additional FeaturesPests & DiseasesFungal diseases. Phytophthora root rot, Pythium, Rhizoctonia in warm, wet conditions.Place of originSouthwestern Europe, Mediterranean, northern Africa, mountains of central eastern Africa.Resistant to honey fungusThese plants have little or few problems with honey fungus.
Scented PlantsScented flowersHoney-scented.
Soil ConditionsAcid / ericaceous lovingFertile well drained soilOpen site.
to 6m (20ft)
Buy Varieties of HEATHERS Erica
Tree heath with scented white flowers in early spring and the brightest golden foliage
hardy slow growing variety with yellow young foliage
Cape heath with pale pink flowers
rose-pink. Yellow-bronze foliage
pale lavender, yellow foliage
large pale pink
deep beetroot coloured
golden leaves and magenta pink flowers
magenta flowers, bronze-green foliage
white flowers, erect habit
rose-pink, greyish foliage
globose white form
Tree heather, white flushed pink
deep cerise flowers