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MAGNOLIAS, named after the French botanist Pierre Magnol, are an ancient genus and it is thought that pollination was by beetles as the trees appeared before bees. Fossilised remains from the family are 95 million years old.
The main centre of distribution is eastern and southeastern Asia with a secondary centre in eastern North America, Central America, the West Indies and South America.
LARGE and SPECIMEN sized magnolias are almost all grafted plants. Many are also very rare.
LARGE plants are 2-3 year old grafts and SPECIMEN plants 3-5 year old grafts.
Different Magnolia varieties grow at very different speeds and therefore the size of a LARGE or a SPECIMEN plant and the exact pot size it is delivered in can vary markedly for plants of identical age and also on time of year, since Magnolias can grow very quickly.
Many more magnolia pictures can be found on the Caerhays Website and The Garden Diary.
- Magnolia - A guide to sizing and pricing
- Magnolia - Care Guide
- Magnolia - Hybridisation
- Magnolia - Propagation
- Magnolia - Spotlight Videos
- Planting to avoid allergic reactions and asthma
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 1) Collecting Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 2) Storing Seeds
- Shrubs and Trees - Seeds - 3) Planting Seeds
YellowTo 7.5cm (3in) across
Half hardy - unheated greenhouse / mild winterHardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)
Partial shadePrefers dappled shade. Shelter from strong winds.
Additional FeaturesEndangered in the wildThese plants are listed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's list of 'Red Plants'. This is a list of threatened species in the wild, they are either critically, endangered or vulnerable to extinction.VulnerablePests & DiseasesScale insects, honey fungus, coral spot.Place of originYunnan Province, China. Burma. Southeast Tibet
HardinessFrost hardy (down to -5)
Scented PlantsScented flowersHighly scented.
Soil ConditionsFertile moist well-drained soilHumus-richNeutral to acid soil
Tree ShapeRounded to broadly spreading
- Cultivation of Magnolias
- Pruning Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning shoots on grafted rootstock - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning small & large shoots below the graft - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pruning & Shaping Magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Soil Conditions
- Planting Locations
- Planting a magnolia - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Scraping deadwood to see if alive - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Pests and Diseases
- Magnolia Slug Protection - Short Video Tip ondemand_video
- Slug Protection - Longer Video Tip ondemand_video
- Removing Ivy - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Scale Insect on Magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Further Reading
- Planting Magnolia from Seeds
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia Seedlings - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Best yellow magnolias - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Caerhays Belle'
- M. campbellii in late January - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia campbellii 'Alba' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. campbellii alba 'Strybing White' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia globosa - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia insignis - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Lanarth' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Lois', 'Peachy' & 'Limelight'
- Magnolia 'Peachy' and 'Daybreak' Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Pink Flush' in June - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Tikitere' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Star Wars', doltsopa & veitchii - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. sieboldii, sieboldii sinensis, x wieseneri, 'Summer Solstice' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Altas', 'Raspberry Fun', 'Sunrise' & x veitchii - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Tropicana' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Magnolia 'Todd's Forty Niner' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Todd's Forty Niner' Late January - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Various Magnolias in early March - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Michelia foveolata - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Michelia macclurei - Video Tip ondemand_video
- 5 Michelias in April - Video Tip ondemand_video
- M. 'Woodsman' x 'Patriot' - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Unnamed hybrids - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Allergic reactions and pollen
- Plants which produce masses of pollen - to avoid
- Plants producing little pollen - relatively safe!
- When is the right time to collect seeds?
- When are seeds actually ripe and ready for collection?
- Magnolia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Cornus capitata seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Lithocarpus Seed Collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Camellia seed collection - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Rhododendron seed collecting - Video Tip ondemand_video
- Storing seeds over winter
- Embothrium Collecting and Storing Seeds
- Decaisnea Seed Collection & Potting
Buy Varieties of MAGNOLIA
spectacular blue buds turn dark yellow as they open. This is a unique colour in the magnolia world
a hybrid between M. 'Miss Honeybee' and M. 'Elizabeth'. Large upright almost painted yellow flowers
soft canary-yellow blooms which open as the leaf appears in spring. Its neat pyramidal habit and restricted overall size makes it very suitable for suburban gardens
light yellow fragrant flowers open just before or alongside the leaves
A hybrid bred by Vance Hooper in New Zealand. Clear lilac-purple goblet-shaped blooms on this hybrid between M. soulangeana 'Burgundy' and M. 'Vulcan'
bred by Peter Borlase of Lanhydrock this excellent and vigorous hybrid has large white flowers which are very distinctive especially in bud
a striking dark purple variety which is a cross between M. 'Deep Purple Dream' and M. 'Black Tulip'
rich violet-purple flowers at first turning purple-rosy-violet later. Highly scented
Jury hybrid with white flowers shading to pink at the base
Jury hybrid with soft pink petals which are white inside. A sister seedling to Iolanthe
yellow to cream flowers with a purple stripe and a green base. Upright and vigorous habit.
petals purplish-red, white inside, suitable for smaller gardens
small fragrant white flowers flushed purple at the base
(syn 'Brombeer') - reddish-purple
dark red flowers
the darkest purple-red flowered magnolia before the arrival of M.'Genie'
campbellii type - this excellent hybrid flowers at a very young age. Large cup and saucer blooms, rich pink outside, and paler within
probably the nearest to a black magnolia flower that you will ever see. Quite extraordinary. Slow growing but very floriferous
bright yellow flowers with magenta mid veins and a tinge of green
pale pink and cream
flowers are an unusual combination of yellow, green and purple
introduced at the Brooklyn Botanic Gardens in 1967 as a hybrid between M. acuminata and M. x brooklynensis. Flowers are yellow with a slight greenish tinge
perhaps the best new red flowered New Zealand hybrid yet. Upright tulip-shaped flowers opening to a star shape
a hyrid between M.acuminata and M.denudata with rich yellow flowers and red stamens
a hybrid raised at Caerhays Castle with huge saucer-shaped salmon-pink flowers
vigorous tree. Dark pink tepals, paler inside
a hybrid between M. mollicomata and M. liliiflora 'Nigra' which flowers at a young age and is suitable for smaller gardens. The flowers open a dark purplish-red and fade to mauvish-purple